Culminating at 1050 metres altitude, the fortress of Murol with its double concentric walls had an incontestable defensive aspect. Founded in the 12th century, this castle’s primary purpose was to command three important regional routes. Situated in the heart of what was a fertile, prosperous and densely populated region at the crossroads of several vital trade routes, the seigneury of Murol also possessed a rich agropastoral territory.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, the lords of Murol occupied an important situation in Auvergne but they still could not escape the crises that shook France: the Hundred Years’ War and the epidemics. The Château de Murol was never taken by the English but the raids by brigands and the ravages of the plague caused many villages to be abandoned.